Körding, Falcke, Markoff 2001: Microblazars

Population X: Are the super-Eddington X-ray sources beamed jets in microblazars or intermediate mass black holes?

Elmar Körding, Heino Falcke, Sera Markoff

Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf den Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany (koerding, hfalcke, smarkoff@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de)

Astronomy & Astrophysics Letters, Vol. 382, p. L13-L16 (2002)


Recent X-ray observations reveal an increasing number of X-ray sources in nearby galaxies exceeding luminosities of Lx>2*1039 erg/s. Assuming isotropic emission, the Eddington limit suggests a population of intermediate-mass black holes of Mbh>>10 Mo. However, Markoff, Falcke, & Fender (2001) proposed that jets may be contributing to the X-ray emission from X-ray binaries (XRBs), implying that some X-ray sources may be relativistically beamed. This could reduce the required black hole masses to standard values. To test this hypothesis, we investigate a simple X-ray population synthesis model for X-ray point sources in galaxies with relativistic beaming and compare it with an isotropic emission model. The model is used to explain a combined data set of X-ray point sources in nearby galaxies. We show that the current distributions are consistent with black hole masses Mo<10 and bulk Lorentz factors for jets in microquasars of gammaj~5. Alternatively, intermediate mass black holes up to 1000 Mo are required which are distributed in a powerlaw with roughly dN/dM ~ M-2.

Paper: Available in PostScript and (AA)LaTex. Please send an email request to hfalcke@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de for a preprint.

Other publications can be found here.

Questions: Heino Falcke, hfalcke@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de